Kamis, 18 Desember 2008

HIPEREALITAS, NOSTALGIA AND ALERTS TINANDA

By. M. Yunis

As a utopia will never relitation, Nostalgia marks past that never completed. Now arise sign with the various forms of expression and the events that simply defy the alert observer. It's called a sign that actually have a relatively symmetrical relationship with the reality / honesty signs, marks or signs a false or fake as only like icon in the Pierce, which lies a sign that marks the sign and that's wrong, while the reality that also achieved a , recycling sign marks the odd but useful for reality world, made a sign that deliberately created through the current technology, such as photos with the scandals, Mr. Minister of beautiful women, and then sign as a sign of extreme hyperbola (Piliang, 2003).
Jean Baudrillard said, but no one we live in a simulated world, enjoying life in hiperealitas surely result in even if it is fatal. For people here will forget of god him as a creator, there was a spiritual relationship with the termination, the simulation itself according to him have not only compound (being), but the model has been created without origin or reality, Hiperealitas. Sign no more reality in mind, all the form of bookmarks. So this is the Piliang (2006) that people were trapped in the gentle persuasion aberration and without aim, image is everything for people. Marks create myth own Nostalgia in and took over the meaning of the atuh, dream quasi- dream visible but very real. While Baudrillard was initially considered as a simulation of intellectual strategy, but the impact of its development to bring hiperrealitas as a result of the material wealth of experience that is the result of a process. Here is the beginning of fall ideiolgi, may be it from here also beginning KKN that are symptoms today. And tend to be for worship only dream will lust, lust good material, economic, sexual positions to lust. Reference only remaining mass, which is always what consumeris produced citraan world, created a new norm, but the value system is just a frame and will continue to frame, for mass produced Hipereralitas tended passive or silent, the mass itself was stuck in a vicious circle, the have been trapped in a world so penampakan mass tercerabut from the root spiritual of him own, pull of ideology and of myths tercerabut-motos past, which was able to control the mob, was able to create a community is veri religious. But now the world hayal overcome all of that. Derrida correct word that has occurred as a meaning and not as tinanda again, here marked loss of self loyalty, diffuse with a rapacious appetite will be secular.
In line with that, much earlier Eko also has written about the world hiperealitas 1973 in his book Travels in Hiperreality (Piliang, 2003). Produced in the world hiperealitas world that is not real, illusion, a dream and hayal. Hiperealitas world's coffee is the reality that it is coded, icon or like it. Nostalgia for the past has been the heart of people to move back to create what is the triumph of the past, as a result of this lack of reality. As in Minangkabau sink concept penghulu promotion now back again but not as expected, be completed penghulu, headman went to the seacoast children stay niece float in the home. Then the illusion and fantasy over again raised animism and dynamism, believe in the things of the spirit of horror and fathers who bergentayangan, treat abegai example television that filem divine mystery, divine power, a description of Paradise Fire, which the children because the animals disobeyed the parents, trance, and all etc is a project of longing will dream up the values that have been used, the values that were lost in the world of reality is very hoped, but unfortunately not in accordance with the relity of moment.
Next note Television in the face of Islam, imitasion to exorcise it, so low for a religious community hiperrealitas. Nyiblorong increased land rush call Ustad, Nyi Roro Kidul rage massacre zikir was held, the earthquake that way last responsibility repent?

Product pessimistic Hyperealitas
Door of the world such as the above have been described in the book world Pilang that folded. Use of opium behavior, social relations model new realities that have been killed there, it can be anything without the dam. Should a hoped, for all goods production has been used outside the borders of usage as satisfied of human desires and do it repeatedly, it is all completely simple and easy for Instance at once ..
Are people back in the era of primitive? The answer 'yes', which at the time this man has lost values, loss of religion, friendship, social, together and all kinds of values that are positive. Piliang state to restore the human kontenporer on the depth of the spiritual world, careful refinement, and the sharpness of the heart in the middle of gentle persuasion, and falsity consumer society, a spiritual space for grinding should be rebuilt from the rubble, debris collapse. Yasraf worry if it is not done then the global community will be out in the wilderness gentle persuasion, keterpesonaan, and hoped without end and sinked to ekstasi in the valley ektrims.
Okelah, in the present education system in line advanced, more and more young intellectual who also produced, but still far from the fire rooms. In addition, teachers also can not put its position as the printer itself intellectual, appear imitation use of abusive language that meaning kill characters. Why? We are back at the beginning, say, as a result of a surfeit of relitas a less friendly to children or teachers didiknya weary view of the students do not get a decent livelihood after achieving a degree that eventually turned into fribble certified? while as the impact of excessive keegoan of disciplines to make sure the position will be intellectual, then Copyright square against displin science itself, forming the blocks despite still one umbrella. For example, the literature will be gathered only with the literature or linguistic group also gathered in the car linguistics. Or agricultural people drowned in their own world. Dip each other and throw snooker, not the expression is not smart, not intellect, is too rigid and thinking all atc will be a phenomenon, as if the presence of a field of science is not feasible. But unconsciously they have come out of the track as an intellectual, scorn and a paltry field of science, intellectual reasonable behave so? What is language people lose? not effective, rugged and kill characters.
Then the crisis of leadership? new leaders, and new leaders, so that the old leader did not have the time to reconstruction themselves in that position so quickly. Mistrust of leaders into the real issues, KKN, liar, and all macamnya slow. Considered a leader similar to the stars filem supermen who watch on TV, or a Rambo that feudatoried of Vietnam. Umberto Eko had said that it is the impact of the promise of utopia that is not fulfilled by fathers, post-modern. World hiperealitas described as deserts, seen from a distance after the water was only approached the dry sand is very excited.
Indeed, the era of continuously repeated, many people now call the world is damaged, that's right, but the damage had been since the start of this world have, just naming and time are different. If before entering Islam, known as the world's Jahiliah period, now move into a Hiperealitas, which measure from the attitudes and behavior of humans more or less the same, the only technology able to differentiate the two period. Back firmed that already termination of a relationship with the spiritual, divine, so the gods exploitation new style Amnehotib, Godfather, foster father, foster mother, and all macamnya. Consequently, world-inovation small world but still under the vault of heaven the same. How for the gods have not been able to create their own vault of heaven, even if among them are capable of natural feudatory violence. That all the world Hyper complex and simple all-round, all the favors, but the white paper and time that have also folded this will not be enough to cover all these phenomena.
However, Piliang has opened at the same time as the roads have been appointed in the state of the world that folded (2004:120) that to restore the people in the world kontenporer spiritual depth, careful refinement, and the sharpness of the heart in the middle of gentle persuasion, and falsity consumer society, a grinding room for spiritual need rebuilt from the rubble, debris collapse. Yasraf worry if it is not done then the global community will be out in the wilderness gentle persuasion, keterpesonaan, and hoped without end and sink to ekstasi in the valley ektrims. Yasraf this fear is groundless, because life is not sempura come before death. Oh the death virus evident that the withdrawal will greet each person of interest, while the readiness to welcome the arrival of life perfection is not there, the human race is still in the race to keterpesonaan, enjoy life without a goal, and even can be said of god carnal desire and the desire feudatory world, when everything is emptiness and emptiness stark.
Therefore, the need to re sitem of values, norms which was very thick for our society. Indeed quite traditional symbol, such as in natural art, local traditions and customs that everything etc able bring these things and that it is more influential in the life of the community. This means the business is very need support from all parties, a tradition of how people lived back in the middle of society, able to become a pilot, according to the Minang people saying sasek di ujuang jalan baliak kapangka jalan' means lost on the way back end of the road base, put more emphasis on a way back merekontruksi system of values and community norms. One is learning to play again infrastructure family tradition, the community of school -up to the school. This is just an initial step, there may be still other ways, the other author or others that have a slightly different idea of the phenomenon is happening now. How for also the author as a man who lived in the natural Hyperealitas can’t also describes all the phenomena above the white paper and also in the time who also folded this.


* Alumni Literary Minangkabau, now to study in Post Lingustik Culture University Padang.

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  • Selamat kepada Nurhasni, Alumni Sastra Minangkabau Angkatan 2000 yang telah memperoleh beasiswa dari FORD FOUNDATION INTERNATIONAL FELLOWSHIPS PROGRAM DI INDONESIA , untuk melanjutkan program Masternya. Semoga selalu berjaya!
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Tan Malaka

1897 - 1949

1921 SI Semarang dan Onderwijs

1925 Menuju Republik Indonesia (Naar de 'Republiek Indonesia')

1926 Semangat Muda

Aksi Massa

1943 Madilog

1945 Manifesto Jakarta

Politik

Rencana Ekonomi Berjuang

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1946 Thesis

1948 Islam Dalam Tinjauan Madilog

Pandangan HidupKuhandel di Kaliurang

GERPOLEK (GERilya - POLitik - EKonomi)

Proklamasi 17-8-1945, Isi dan Pelaksanaannya

Tan Malaka (1921)

Sumber: Yayasan Massa, terbitan tahun 1987

Kontributor: Diketik oleh Abdul, ejaan diedit oleh Ted Sprague (Juni 2007)

Kekuasaan Kaum – Modal Berdiri atas didikan yang berdasar kemodalan.
Kekuasaan Rakyat hanyalah bisa diperoleh dengan didikan kerakyatan.

Kata Pengantar Penerbit

Lagi sebuah buku kecil (brosur) Tan Malaka berjudul “SI Semarang dan Onderwijs”, yang ejaan lama telah kita sesuaikan dengan ejaan baru, dan juga telah kita tambah dengan daftar arti kata-kata asing hal 34-36.

Brosur ini diterbitkan di Semarang pada tahun 1921 oleh Serikat Islam School (Sekolah Serikat Islam). Karya pendek Tan Malaka ini sudah termasuk: “Barang Langka”. Brosur ini merupakan pengantar sebuah buku yang pada waktu itu akan ditulis oleh Tan Malaka tentang sistem pendidikan yang bersifat kerakyatan, dihadapkan pada sistem pendidikan yang diselenggarakan kaum penjajah Belanda. Bagaimana nasib niat Tan Malaka untuk menulis buku tentang pendidikan merakyat itu, kami sebagai penerbit kurang mengetahuinya. Mungkin Tan malaka tidak sempat lagi menulisnya karena tidak lama kemudian beliau dibuang oleh penjajah Belanda karena kegiatan perjuangannya dan sikapnya yang tegar anti kolonialisme, imperialisme dan kapitalisme. Terserah kepada penelitan sejarah Bangsa Indonesia nantinya untuk menelusuri perkara ini. Yang jelas tujuan Tan Malaka dalam pendidikan ialah menciptakan suatu cara pendidikan yang cocok dengan keperluan dan cita-cita Rakyat yang melarat !

Dalam hal merintis pendidikan untuk Rakyat miskin pada zaman penjajahan Belanda itu, tujuan utama adalah usaha besar dan berat mencapai Indonesia Merdeka. Tan Malaka berkeyakinan bahwa “Kemerdekaan Rakyat Hanyalah bisa diperoleh dengan DIDIKAN KERAKYATAN” menghadapi “Kekuasan Kaum Modal yang berdiri atas DIDIKAN YANG BERDASARKAN KEMODALAN”.

Jadi, usaha Tan Malaka secara aktif ikut merintis pendidikan kerakyatan adalah menyatu dan tidak terpisah dari usaha besar memperjuangkan kemerdekaan sejati Bangsa dan Rakyat Indonesia.

Untuk sekedar mengetahui latar-belakang mengapa Tan Malaka sebagai seorang pejuang besar dan revolusioner itu sadar dan dengan ikhlas terjun dalam dunia pendidikan pergerakan Islam seperti Sarekat Islam ? Tidak lain karena keyakinannya bahwa kekuatan pendorong pergerakan Indonesia itu adalah seluruh lapisan dan golongan Rakyat melarat Indonesia, tidak perduli apakah ia seorang Islam, seorang nasionalis ataupun seorang sosialis.

Seluruh kekuatan Rakyat ini harus dihimpun dan disatukan untuk menumbangkan kolonialisme Belanda di Tanah Air kita. Persatuan ini harus di tempat di kawah candradimukanya perjuangan menumbangkan kolonialisme dan imperialisme. Inilah mengapa Tan Malaka pun tidak ragu-ragu dan secara ikhlas terjun dalam dunia pendidikan masyarakat Islam. Dalam lingkungan pendidikan Serikat Islam yang merupakan pergerakan rakyat yang hebat pada waktu itu. Jangan pula dilupakan bahwa usia Tan Malaka pada waktu itu masih sangat muda.

Memasuki ISI dari karya pendek Tan Malaka ini, dikemukakan oleh Tan Malaka TIGA TUJUAN pendidikan dan kerakyatan sebagai berikut :

1. Pendidikan ketrampilan/Ilmu Pengetahuan seperti : berhitung, menulis, ilmu bumi, bahasa dsb. Sebagai bekal dalam penghidupan nanti dalam masyarakat KEMODALAN.
2. Pendidikan bergaul/berorganisasi serta berdemokrasi untuk mengembangkan kepribadian yang tangguh, kepercayaan pada diri sendiri, harga diri dan cinta kepada rakyat miskin.
3. Pendidikan untuk selalu berorientasi ke bawah.

Si Kromo, si-Marhaen, si-Murba tanpa memandang kepercayaan agama, keyakinan dan kedudukan mereka, dalam hal ini termasuk golongan-golongan rakyat miskin lainnya.

Ketiga TUJUAN pendidikan kerakyatan tersebut telah dirintis oleh Tan Malaka dan para pemimpin Rakyat lainnya seperti Ki Hajar Dewantara, Muhammadiyah, pesantren-pesantren Nahdatul Ulama, SI dsb. Semua usaha, pengorbanan mereka itu tidak sedikit sahamnya dalam Pembangunan Bangsa/National Building dan dalam membangkitkan semangat perjuangan memerdekakan Rakyat Indonesia dari belenggu penjajahan. Merek atelah memberikan yang terbaik dalam hidup mereka kepada Bangsa dan Rakyat Indonesia. Mereka telah tiada, tetapi jiwanya yang menulis, jiwa-besar mereka, pikiran-pikirannya yang agung akan tetap hidup sepanjang zaman.

Akhir kata dikutip di bawah ini ucapan tokoh besar pergerakan kemerdekaan dan pemimpin besar Presiden Amerika Serikat ABRAHAM LINCOLN sebagai berikut :

“WE MUST FIRST KNOW WHAT WE ARE, WHERE WE ARE AND WHERE WE ARE GOING, BEFORE SAYING WHAT TO DO AND HOW TO DO IT”

”Pertama-tama harus diketahui Apa kita, dan Dimana Kita serta Kemana Kita akan pergi, sebelum mengatakan apa yang harus dilakukan dan bagaimana melakukanya”.

Penerbit,

Yayasan Massa, 1987